Location: Amritsar is located
in Punjab state of India between 31°37'59.16" N 74°51'56.16"
E latitudes. The city of Amritsar spreads on an area of 5075
km². Ideally located in the northwest part of India,
Amritsar is at a distance of 32 miles from Lahore and Pakistan.
The district of Amritsar falls in Jallandhar division and
has a trapezium shape.
Population: According to 2001
census, Amritsar has a population of about 3,074,207.
Amritsar lies amidst River Beas (to the east) separating Amritsar
from Kapurthala and River Ravi (to the west). It is located
in the lower part of Upper Bari Doab. It is very interesting
that river Beas joins Satluj River at the confluence of Lahore
(Pakistan), Firozpur, Amritsar and Kapurthala. As Punjab plain
is a part of Indo-Gangetic system, Amritsar also has alluvial
deposits brought by Beas and Ravi Rivers. The soil in Amritsar
is a light reddish-yellow loam (colloquially called maira)
that becomes somewhat stiffer at the doab, finally deteriorating
into sandy and slightly uneven soil (colloquially called tibba).
Amritsar has a levelled plain and is situated at an elevation
of 200 metres in the northeast to about 175 metres in the
southwest. The terrain of Amritsar can be put under three
categories: The Upland Plain, Bluff along the Beas and Floodplain
Major Rivers: River Beas and Ravi, the distributaries
of River Indus drench the land of Amritsar. Saki Nala, a perennial
river also flows through Amritsar.
Amritsar is derived with a combination of two words Amrit
(meaning nectar) and Sar (meaning pool). So it can be called
"a pool of nectar". The city is dominated by Sikhs.
Golden Temple, most revered place in Sikh history is in
Amritsar. It is believed that the tank surrounding the Golden
Temple was originally a small natural pool. But when Guru
Ram Das migrated to this spot, the pool came to be known
as a dukh niwaran pool (free from pains). People from far
off places started coming to visit this holy place to plunge
in the pool and get rid of their skin problems. Guru Ram
Das laid the foundation of Golden Temple and the pool was
converted into a tank.
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must visit historical landmarks like Jallianwala Bagh
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