Architecture of Golden Temple, Architecture of Harmandir, Architecture of Harmandir Amritsar, Architecture of Gurudwara Golden Temple

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Golden Temple
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Architecture of Gurudwara

Archaeological Survey conducted by the Government of Punjab revealed that the design of the Golden Temple after its reconstruction by Maharaja Ranjit Singh was supposedly borrowed from the shrine of Saint Mian Mir, near Lahore.

The Golden Temple was built at a lower level. This was one of the distinguishing features of the Temple. The main area of Gurudwara lies in the midst of the sacred pool of 150 meters square area. A 60 meters causeway is located on the western slide of the pool. The causeway is decorated with marble and has beautiful lamps on both the sides. The floor of Golden Temple has marble tiling whereas the ceiling is bedecked with intricate inlay work. As you enter you see Guru Granth Sahib on a lower platform under a dazzlingly beautiful canopy (Chandani Sahib).

Shish Mahal or Mirror Room is constructed on the second storey. It is gilded with mirrors and has intricate work of various patterns. It is designed in such a way that there is a square opening in the centre to view from there the ground floor. One more reason for having the area opened is to avoid stepping over Guru Granth Sahib. If you are on the second floor, and the sacred book is on the first floor, you should not step over the place where underneath Guru Granth Sahib is placed. If this is done, it is called sacrilege (beadabi of Guru Granth Sahib).

Above the Shish Mahal is a golden dome along with several miniature domes. The mural work in the Temple is characterized by floral patterns interspersed with animal motifs. The gates called Darshani Deorhi exhibit ivory inlay work. The gates are made of Sheesham wood.

Views of eminent persons and historians:

Louis Rousselet called it as a "handsome style of architecture".

Major Cole called it " an adaptation of Mohammedan styles, flavored with a good deal of Hindu tradition".




Golden Temple
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