Archaeological Survey conducted by the Government of Punjab
revealed that the design of the Golden Temple after its reconstruction by Maharaja Ranjit Singh was supposedly borrowed from the
shrine of Saint Mian Mir, near Lahore.
The Golden Temple was built at a lower level. This was one
of the distinguishing features of the Temple. The main area
of Gurudwara lies in the midst of the sacred pool of 150 meters
square area. A 60 meters causeway is located on the western
slide of the pool. The causeway is decorated with marble and
has beautiful lamps on both the sides. The floor of Golden
Temple has marble tiling whereas the ceiling is bedecked with
intricate inlay work. As you enter you see Guru Granth Sahib
on a lower platform under a dazzlingly beautiful canopy (Chandani
Shish Mahal or Mirror Room is constructed on the second storey.
It is gilded with mirrors and has intricate work of various
patterns. It is designed in such a way that there is a square
opening in the centre to view from there the ground floor.
One more reason for having the area opened is to avoid stepping
over Guru Granth Sahib. If you are on the second floor, and
the sacred book is on the first floor, you should not step
over the place where underneath Guru Granth Sahib is placed.
If this is done, it is called sacrilege (beadabi of Guru Granth
Above the Shish Mahal is a golden dome along with several
miniature domes. The mural work in the Temple is characterized
by floral patterns interspersed with animal motifs. The gates
called Darshani Deorhi exhibit ivory inlay work. The gates
are made of Sheesham wood.
Views of eminent persons and historians:
Louis Rousselet called it as a "handsome style of architecture".
Major Cole called it " an adaptation of Mohammedan styles,
flavored with a good deal of Hindu tradition".
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