The origin of the place Amritsar is still mysterious in the
history. There are several legends that explain the existence
of the pool of nectar (also called Amrit Kund). The History
of Gurudwara Golden Temple in Amritsar can be traced in following
steps of its evolution.
Site of the Golden Temple
Originally the site of Golden Temple was a low-lying are
filled with water in the centre (called Dukh bhanjani beri)
and surrounded by a large number of shady trees in a jungle.
The area formed a commercial link between India and Afghanistan,
so it was visited by a number of traders. Still nobody talked
about the pool before Sikh Gurus visited it.
Legends connected with the Sarovar (pool
of nectar or tank)
Guru Amar Das Ji, third Guru of the Sikhs, discovered a
herb to cure the ailment of Guru Angad Dev Ji, the second
Guru of the Sikhs.
The story of Rajni, daughter of Rai Duni Chand has associations
with Sarovar Sahib (tank). The story goes like this: Rajni
was a devout Sikh disciple of the Guru. One day her father
brought some gifts for all three daughters. Other two daughters
praised their father. Rajni said that the gifts were from
God and their father was only a medium to deliver the gifts
to them. Unfortunately, her father overheard the statement
and in a fit of anger, he ordered her to marry a leper. She
accepted her father's wish. She had to struggle hard to sustain
herself and her crippled husband. One day she placed the basket
containing her husband near the pool of nectar and went for
some work. In the meantime, her husband saw a black crow plunging
in the water and coming out transformed into white color.
Stunningly he watched all this and crawled towards the pool
to take a plunge. He became perfectly fine and handsome. The
couple thanked God and went to their Guru to narrate the miraculous
incident and seek his blessing.
Guru Ram Das Ji found the place during his travels in the
Majha region. He chose this place for establishing a new Sikh
centre. He was told by Guru Amar Das Ji to execute the plan
for the construction of a Sikh Pilgrim Centre. Some experienced
elders were told to assist Guru Ram Das. A large number of
Sikh devotees came forward for voluntary service.
Some huts were constructed.
Excavation of the tank (Santokhsar) started.
After completion of a part of the project, Bhai Jetha
went to Goindwal to report regarding the progress of the work,
he was told to dig another tank at the low level area near
the site of the tank.
Guru Ram Das Ji located the site for the second tank.
It was amidst a large number of Ber (Jujube) trees. This tank
came to be known as 'Amrit Sarovar'.
Along with the construction work, Guru Ji called a number
of persons belonging to different tribes and occupations to
settle near the tank. Like this a whole new village came up.
There was a market to supply essential commodities to the
settlers. For drinking water some wells were dug. Each and
every care was taken to help the immigrants.
Soon after the completion of the project, the pool of nectar
and the Temple were recognized as places of religious importance.
The project was executed under supervision of Guru Arjan Dev
assisted by Baba Budha, Bhai Gurdas and some other prominent
Guru Arjan Dev Ji compiled Guru Granth Sahib (holy book of
Sikhs) and the original book was installed in the premises
of the Temple.
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