Harike Bird Sanctuary sprawls in the districts of Kapurthala,
Firozpur and Amritsar in located in Punjab. A reservoir built
on the conflux of rivers Satluj and Beas near Harike town
resulted in the formation of Harike Lake. It is the India's
largest Bird Sanctuary. Harike attained the status of a bird
sanctuary in 1982. In 1990 it was declared a Ramsar Site.
At present the sanctuary extends upon an area of 73 square
kilometers. In winter Harike provides shelter to a number
of migratory birds. Approximately 20,000 ducks are there in
the Park during migratory season. Every winter the Lake is
visited by 200 species of birds.
The birds commonly found in the Sanctuary are Hen Harrier,
Yellow-eyed Pigeon, Pallas's Gull, Cotton Pygmy Goose, White-winged
Tern, Tufted Duck, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker, Watercock, Brown-headed
Gull, Great Crested Grebe, White-browed Fantail, Black-headed
Gull, Yellow-legged Gull, Indian Skimmer, White-rumped Vulture,
Eurasian Sparrow hawk, Eurasian Hobby, Horned Grebe, Black-necked
Grebe, Brown Shrike, Common Wood shrike, White-tailed Stonechat,
White-crowned Penduline Tit, Rufous-vented Prinia, Striated
Grass bird, Cetti's Bush Warbler and the Sulphur-bellied Warbler.
Besides birds, there are animals like Jungle cat, Smooth
Indian Otter, Mongoose, Jackal and Indian wild Boar.
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